New evidence suggests there may be a 5th force of nature
Scientists at the University of California, Irvine, announced recently that there might be a fifth force of nature. There are four known forces of nature: gravity, electromagnetism, the weak nuclear force and the strong nuclear force. This new fifth force could help scientists understand how the other fundamental forces work together and better understand how the universe works, according to Voice of America (VOA).
The team of scientists at UCI based their findings on previously published data — the most notable of which is the data a group of Hungarian physicists produced when they discovered a new boson, which is a type of subatomic particle. This "X boson” seems to be a force-carrier boson. If it is, that means that a fifth force must also exist. The Hungarian team discovered the boson when they noticed an irregularity in radioactive decay in one of their experiments, according to Nature.
"Its interactions are very feeble," he said.
According to Tim Tait, who coauthored the report, the force only acts on electrons and neutrons at a limited range. By publicizing their findings, Feng and his crew believe that they are giving others a starting place to conduct additional experiments and research.