While it appears at first she is abusing or punishing this elephant, in reality the caretaker named Lek is watching over this gentle creature. She is actually patting him down, and then begins to sing a lullaby to Faa Mai the elephant, and eventually Faa Mai drifts off into a very peaceful slumber. 

We've all sung to our animals, but elephants may take far more benefit from a lullaby than cats or dogs would. According to "The Scientific American," elephants have the largest brain masses of any land animal, only dwarfed by that of a blue whale's. They also have 257 million neurons, which is about three times as many as our brains.